1) Do you know what the mean of CMM and TMM?Ans :
Ans : Capability maturity model and testing maturity model
2) How many Effort Estimation methods available in market for Testing?
Ans : A Effort estimation consists in predict how many hours of work and how many workers are needed to develop a project. The effort invested in a software project is probably one of the most important and most analysed variables in recent years in the process of project management. The determination of the value of this variable when initiating software projects allows us to plan adequately any forthcoming activities. As far as estimation and prediction is concerned there is still a number of unsolved problems and errors. To obtain good results it is essential to take into consideration any previous projects. Estimating the effort with a high grade of reliability is a problem which has not yet been solved and even the project manager has to deal with it since the beginning.
3) What are the different Methodologies in Agile Development Model?
Ans : There are currently seven different Agile methodologies that I am aware of:
4) How the 2 wings and body of the Butterfly Model of Test Development is Represented?
Ans : The Butterfly Model focuses on verification and validation of software products and is therefore a good fit for software testing tasks that are incorporated into the V-model of software development. This model provides a graphic picture of the complexity of test tasks using the outline of a butterfly. The areas occupied by the wings and body are approximately related to the level of effort afforded to each of the activities included in the model. In addition to this the reference of the butterfly stems from Chaos theory which states that a small disturbance in part of a system can have huge consequences in some other part of the system. The development of a software system has certain similarities. Small modifications or errors in code may result in significant degradations in an application's performance.
The model establishes three general areas of test activities that are illustrated by the butterfly's graphic outline. They are:
Ans : Cyclomatic complexity is likely the most widely used complexity metric in software engineering. It describes the complexity of a procedure by measuring the linearly independent paths through its source code. .
6) How do you obtain the expected results for testing a search operation?
8)What is Impact analysis? As a tester how will you do impact analysis in your project?Ans :Suppose after completion of an application or module, if another module is to be added, then we need to test the new module as well as the impacted area which is affected by adding a new module. Impact Analysis will be done to find the impact area of the application by adding a new module. Generally team lead will take the initiate for this.Team lead will send a mail to client asking for the impact area (if developer is new to domain), also send a mail to development team and testing team asking for the impacted area. After getting the response of all three, team lead will do the consolidated report of all the mails. This consolidated mail will be given to the Test Engineer saying this is the Impact Analysis Report and these are the impact areas.
9)What is the main Goal of Defect Prevention meeting?
Ans : Closed defects can be reopened due to some of the following reason:
10)What are the factors affecting a manual testing project and what are the ways to overcome it?
Ans : We need to check whether Expected Result coresponding to Test case mentioned in Test Case Document is same as Actual Result.If they are same then Test Case passes and if they are not same then we have to see what is different and why it different. After narrowing down we need to raise a defect and map that defect to a Test case.
12) In real time how you do the Soak Testing?
Ans : Soak Testing: Running a system at high load for a prolonged period of time. For example, running several times more transactions in an entire day (or night) than would be expected in a busy day, to identify and performance problems that appear.
13) What do you mean by Trend Analysis?
Ans : In project management trend analysis is a mathematical technique that uses historical results to predict future outcome. This is achieved by tracking variances in cost and schedule performance. In this context it is a project management quality control tool.
14) What is the difference between interoperability and compatibility testing with some examples?
15) What is 'fish pond analysis' w.r.t software testing?
Ans : This is one of the SDLC process generally we are following. Its like in fish model thats why it got the name like that.
16) What does a manual tester need to become proficient with DB Testing?
Ans : Need knowledge of SQL query
17) What is difference between Validation and Verification?
Varification: it is the process of confirming that s/w "meets its specification".It involves reviews and meetings to evaluate documents,plans,code,requirement and specification.This can be done with checklist,issues lists amd walkthroughs.It is the examination of the process and checks r we building the product right
Validation: It is the process of confirming that it "meets the user's requirements".Validation typically involves actual testing and take place after varification are
18) What is difference between Known regression Testing and Unknown Regression testing?
Ans : Regression testing means it is the type of testing in which one will conduct testing on an already tested functionality again and again. Regression testing will be conducted in two situations.
1. If the test engineer find any defect on one functionality then after the rectification of that defect from the development department again testing on that defected functionality and retesting the related functionalities of that defected functionality.
2. If the new features are added to that application testing on that new feature functionality and also the related functionality of that new features to be tested.
19) What is Quality Matrix in Software Testing?
Ans : By word quality we may be more generalized towards our target. but being a quality contious a "quality matix" should have;
1. logical parameterization of our parameters i.e. first we should confirm that is parameter "a" has logical connection with parameter "b"
2. Matrix should be result oriented. we can extract/deduce some logical results from each matrix
3. Every matrix should be complete in its domain it should not further dependant on other parameters other than selected
4. Every matrix should work in boundries of your requirements
Manual Testing Interview Questions & Material
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